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Modelling-Tool specific Intro

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There are better ways to model state machines than using spread sheets!

In the past different μC manufacturers have published application notes about the benefit of using state machines for the design of embedded software. An example is the application note SLAA402 from Texas Instruments (TI). It suggests to generate source code based on a spread sheet table. Nowadays several affordable UML modeling tools are available supporting the efficient design of state machines in a graphical way. SinelaboreRT generates production quality source code from state diagrams created with many different UML tools. Give it a try!

Latest Changes


Swift backend added

Swift is a new object-oriented programming language for iOS and OS X development. To generate Swift code call the code generator with the command line flag −l swift . To gener- ate a configuration file with all parameters related to the Swift code generation call the code generator as follows once:

java −jar codegen.jar −l swift −gencfg > codegen.cfg .

The events that can be sent to the machine are defined in a public enumeration.

The generator generates just one Swift class which implements the complete state machine. This has the benefit that your Swift project does not become bloated with all kinds of helper classes. This means that the generated code does not follow the usual state pattern as you might expect (if you are familiar with common design patterns). The reason is that the machine code is completely generated and no hand-coding is involved.

Separate generated from non-generated Code

Even if the state machine is fully generated this is usually only a smaller part of your application whereas the lager part is coded manually. For several reasons it is important to clearly separate generated code from non-generated code. Use one of the following possibilities to achieve this.

  • The most basic method is to put hand written code into libraries and call the library from within the state machine.
  • Generated classes can also subclass non-generated classes (base class of StateMachine). Such base classes can contain useful methods that can be called from within the generated subclasses.
  • Hand written code is located in a child class of the state machine. I.e. the state machine classes are parts of other classes.

Supported state machine features

  • States and sub-states
  • Deep - and flat hierarchy
  • Entry, Exit and Action code of states
  • Regions are supported and implemented as sub-functions called from the main state machine handler.
  • Option to define state machine signature
  • Choice pseudo-states

Example Design and Generated Code


Please note that the Swift back-end is work-in-progress. If you are interested to test and work with the code generator send me a mail and you will receive the latest beta version. Your feedback and feature requests are highly welcome!

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wiki/news/5sep2014.txt · Last modified: 2021/04/18 13:41 by pmueller