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There are better ways to model state machines than using spread sheets!

In the past different μC manufacturers have published application notes about the benefit of using state machines for the design of embedded software. An example is the application note SLAA402 from Texas Instruments (TI). It suggests to generate source code based on a spread sheet table. Nowadays several affordable UML modeling tools are available supporting the efficient design of state machines in a graphical way. SinelaboreRT generates production quality source code from state diagrams created with many different UML tools. Give it a try!

wiki:news:14feb2020

Generating Lua Code

Lua is a powerful, efficient, lightweight, embeddable scripting language (http://www.lua.org/). To generate Lua code call the code generator with the command line flag -l lua .

The generator generates one Lua module which implements the complete state machine. Take this simple state machine as example.

For a simple state machine with 4 states and 2 events the generated module looks like this:

function testcase:new()
        local new_inst = {}
        setmetatable( new_inst, testcase)
 
        -- machine states
        new_inst.states = {
                S1="S1",
                S11="S11",
                S12="S12",
                S3="S3",
                __UNKNOWN_STATE__="__UNKNOWN_STATE__"
        }
 
        -- machine events
        new_inst.events = {
                evB="evB",
                evA="evA",
                TESTCASE_NO_MSG="TESTCASE_NO_MSG"
        }
 
        -- Set state vars to default states
        new_inst.stateVar = new_inst.states.S1
        new_inst.stateVarS1 = new_inst.states.S11 -- set init state of S1 
 
        new_inst.init=false
        return new_inst
end
 
function testcase:processEvent(Event)
...
return evConsumed;
end
 
return testcase

The statemachine can be used as follows:

testcase = require "testcase"
 
local testcase1 = testcase:new()
Event = {event = testcase1.events.TESTCASE_NO_MSG, condition=false};
testcase1:processEvent(Event)
 
Event.event=testcase1.events.evA;
testcase1:processEvent(Event)

The following state machine features are supported:

  • States and sub-states
  • Deep – and flat hierarchy
  • Entry, Exit and Action code of states
  • Regions are supported and implemented as sub-functions called from the main state machine handler
  • Choice pseudo-states

The complete example is available in the examples/microwave_handbook_lua folder.

Any feedback is highly welcome!

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wiki/news/14feb2020.txt · Last modified: 2020/02/15 12:14 by pmueller